Television came to India in September 15, 1959 with an experimental transmission based in Delhi. In 1965 a daily one hour news service was started. The television services were extended to Mumbai in 1972. By the year 1975 services were extended to Kolkata, Chennai, Amritsar and Lucknow. The state public service broadcaster - Doordarshan was constituted as a separate department under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting by 1976 when the network starting expanding with eight stations covering a population of 45 million.
Television in India was all about Doordarshan till the late eighties of the last century. In fact, till 1982, television broadcast was in black and white. It was only in 1982, when India hosted the Asian Games in New Delhi, that the country transitioned to colour television broadcast. Doordarshan continued to be the sole television broadcaster for nearly a decade, till 1991. India had a taste of first “private” television channel in 1991 when Sun Network, based in Tamil Nadu of South India, and later Zee TV, based in North India launched. Today the country has nearly 900 television channels of which, more than 400 are news channels. MOM has investigated ownership structures of 23 leading television stations in India.